( ! ) Deprecated: 從 2.8.0 版開始,Elementor\Scheme_Typography <strong>已淘汰不用</strong>,請改用 Elementor\Core\Schemes\Typography。 in /var/www/vhosts/neurosurgeon.hk/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 5401
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0004364432{main}( ).../index.php:0
20.0007365832require( '/var/www/vhosts/neurosurgeon.hk/httpdocs/wp-blog-header.php ).../index.php:17
31.115672974880require_once( '/var/www/vhosts/neurosurgeon.hk/httpdocs/wp-includes/template-loader.php ).../wp-blog-header.php:19
41.142473911504apply_filters( $hook_name = 'template_include', $value = '/var/www/vhosts/neurosurgeon.hk/httpdocs/wp-content/themes/hello-elementor/index.php' ).../template-loader.php:104
51.142473911912WP_Hook->apply_filters( $value = '/var/www/vhosts/neurosurgeon.hk/httpdocs/wp-content/themes/hello-elementor/index.php', $args = [0 => '/var/www/vhosts/neurosurgeon.hk/httpdocs/wp-content/themes/hello-elementor/index.php'] ).../plugin.php:189
61.213977076744ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Classes\Locations_Manager->template_include( $template = '/var/www/vhosts/neurosurgeon.hk/httpdocs/wp-content/themes/hello-elementor/index.php' ).../class-wp-hook.php:303
71.216477106288ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page->get_settings( $setting = 'page_template' ).../locations-manager.php:148
81.216477106288ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page->ensure_settings( ).../base-object.php:40
91.216477106288ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page->get_init_settings( ).../base-object.php:142
101.216477106288ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page->get_data( $item = 'settings' ).../controls-stack.php:2049
111.216577106288ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page->sanitize_settings( $settings = ['eael_ext_toc_title' => 'Table of Contents', 'background_background' => 'classic', '__globals__' => ['background_color' => 'globals/colors?id=0e03762'], 'preview_type' => 'single/page', 'preview_id' => '408'], $controls = ??? ).../controls-stack.php:1061
121.216577106288ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page->get_controls( $control_id = ??? ).../controls-stack.php:2302
131.216577106288ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page->get_stack( ).../controls-stack.php:286
141.216577106288ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page->init_controls( ).../controls-stack.php:480
151.216577106328ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page->register_controls( ).../controls-stack.php:2215
161.216577106328ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page->register_controls( ).../single-base.php:93
171.216577106328ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page->register_controls( ).../theme-page-document.php:33
181.216577106328ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page->register_controls( ).../theme-document.php:270
191.216977109984do_action( $hook_name = 'elementor/documents/register_controls', ...$arg = variadic(class ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page { private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Document}main_id = 231; private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Document}is_saving = FALSE; private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Document}elements_iteration_actions = []; protected $post = class WP_Post { public $ID = 231; public $post_author = '1'; public $post_date = '2021-02-28 11:11:44'; public $post_date_gmt = '2021-02-28 03:11:44'; public $post_content = 'Previous\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tNext'; public $post_title = 'BaS Page'; public $post_excerpt = ''; public $post_status = 'publish'; public $comment_status = 'closed'; public $ping_status = 'closed'; public $post_password = ''; public $post_name = 'bas-page'; public $to_ping = ''; public $pinged = ''; public $post_modified = '2021-04-19 10:49:30'; public $post_modified_gmt = '2021-04-19 02:49:30'; public $post_content_filtered = ''; public $post_parent = 0; public $guid = 'https://neurosurgeon.hk/?post_type=elementor_library&#038;p=231'; public $menu_order = 0; public $post_type = 'elementor_library'; public $post_mime_type = ''; public $comment_count = '0'; public $filter = 'raw' }; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}id = 231; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}active_settings = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}parsed_active_settings = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}parsed_dynamic_settings = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}data = ['id' => 231, 'settings' => [...], 'post_id' => 231]; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}config = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}current_section = ['tab' => 'style', 'condition' => [...], 'section' => 'eael_ext_table_of_content_header_style']; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}current_tab = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}current_popover = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}injection_point = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}settings_sanitized = FALSE; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}render_attributes = []; private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Base_Object}settings = NULL }) ).../document.php:585
201.216977110360WP_Hook->do_action( $args = [0 => class ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page { private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Document}main_id = 231; private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Document}is_saving = FALSE; private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Document}elements_iteration_actions = [...]; protected $post = class WP_Post { ... }; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}id = 231; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}active_settings = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}parsed_active_settings = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}parsed_dynamic_settings = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}data = [...]; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}config = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}current_section = [...]; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}current_tab = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}current_popover = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}injection_point = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}settings_sanitized = FALSE; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}render_attributes = [...]; private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Base_Object}settings = NULL }] ).../plugin.php:470
211.216977110360WP_Hook->apply_filters( $value = '', $args = [0 => class ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page { private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Document}main_id = 231; private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Document}is_saving = FALSE; private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Document}elements_iteration_actions = [...]; protected $post = class WP_Post { ... }; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}id = 231; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}active_settings = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}parsed_active_settings = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}parsed_dynamic_settings = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}data = [...]; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}config = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}current_section = [...]; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}current_tab = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}current_popover = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}injection_point = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}settings_sanitized = FALSE; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}render_attributes = [...]; private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Base_Object}settings = NULL }] ).../class-wp-hook.php:327
221.219377240336Essential_Addons_Elementor\Extensions\Table_of_Content->register_controls( $element = class ElementorPro\Modules\ThemeBuilder\Documents\Single_Page { private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Document}main_id = 231; private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Document}is_saving = FALSE; private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Document}elements_iteration_actions = []; protected $post = class WP_Post { public $ID = 231; public $post_author = '1'; public $post_date = '2021-02-28 11:11:44'; public $post_date_gmt = '2021-02-28 03:11:44'; public $post_content = 'Previous\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\tNext'; public $post_title = 'BaS Page'; public $post_excerpt = ''; public $post_status = 'publish'; public $comment_status = 'closed'; public $ping_status = 'closed'; public $post_password = ''; public $post_name = 'bas-page'; public $to_ping = ''; public $pinged = ''; public $post_modified = '2021-04-19 10:49:30'; public $post_modified_gmt = '2021-04-19 02:49:30'; public $post_content_filtered = ''; public $post_parent = 0; public $guid = 'https://neurosurgeon.hk/?post_type=elementor_library&#038;p=231'; public $menu_order = 0; public $post_type = 'elementor_library'; public $post_mime_type = ''; public $comment_count = '0'; public $filter = 'raw' }; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}id = 231; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}active_settings = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}parsed_active_settings = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}parsed_dynamic_settings = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}data = ['id' => 231, 'settings' => [...], 'post_id' => 231]; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}config = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}current_section = ['tab' => 'style', 'condition' => [...], 'section' => 'eael_ext_table_of_content_header_style']; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}current_tab = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}current_popover = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}injection_point = NULL; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}settings_sanitized = FALSE; private ${Elementor\Controls_Stack}render_attributes = []; private ${Elementor\Core\Base\Base_Object}settings = NULL } ).../class-wp-hook.php:303
231.220877286456spl_autoload_call( $class_name = 'Elementor\\Scheme_Typography' ).../Table_of_Content.php:594
241.220877286552Elementor\Autoloader::autoload( $class = 'Elementor\\Scheme_Typography' ).../Table_of_Content.php:594
251.220977286672Elementor\Utils::handle_deprecation( $item = 'Elementor\\Scheme_Typography', $version = '2.8.0', $replacement = 'Elementor\\Core\\Schemes\\Typography' ).../autoloader.php:336
261.220977287552_deprecated_file( $file = 'Elementor\\Scheme_Typography', $version = '2.8.0', $replacement = 'Elementor\\Core\\Schemes\\Typography', $message = ??? ).../utils.php:568
271.221077287872trigger_error( $message = '從 2.8.0 版開始,Elementor\\Scheme_Typography <strong>已淘汰不用</strong>,請改用 Elementor\\Core\\Schemes\\Typography。', $error_type = 16384 ).../functions.php:5401
腦腫瘤治療 – 香港微創腦及脊椎神經外科手術中心

腦腫瘤的治療

腦腫瘤會擠壓附近的腦部組織,造成壓力。良性和惡性的腫瘤都可能造成腦部腫脹。腦腫瘤的症狀不同,主要是因為腫瘤壓迫的位置不同。

治療腦腫瘤的方法包括:外科手術、放射治療、化學治療、標靶藥物治療和類固醇 治療。可以單獨使用或者混合使用。迅速的治療可以預防或減輕腫瘤造成的影響。此外,針對某些症狀,往往必須兼用其他藥物,例如用抗抽搐藥以防癲癇發作。

選擇治療方法取決於:

  1. 腫瘤的大小,種類和所在位置
  2. 患者的年齡,醫療歷史和一般的健康狀況

 

治療的目標是為了移除腫瘤,如果無法移除,就會採用縮小腫瘤範圍或周邊腫脹的部分,以減緩腫瘤成長的速度和減輕症狀。如果你的醫生告訴你需要接受一種以上的治療,並不表示你的症狀比其他腦腫瘤的病人情況嚴重或輕微。每個人的情況不同,治療的需要也不一樣。

 

外科手術

有些腦腫瘤能夠以手術完全移除。如果腫瘤已經擴散,或者手術會影響其他重要的腦部組織,腦神經外科醫生可能會決定移除一部分的腫瘤,以減少腦部其他部分的壓力,來改善你的症狀。

腦腫瘤手術稱為顱骨切開術(Craniotomy)。這個手術除了要全身麻醉,通常也要剃頭髮。手術的目的是把腫瘤和周圍有可能被癌細胞侵蝕的組織割除。最理想的效果是將整個腫瘤切除。有一些腫瘤雖然仍局限生長於原位,沒有轉移到其他器官,但已入侵、包圍或黏附著一些重要腦組織如腦幹或神經系統生長,要將腫瘤完整切除十分困難,風險相當大,造成嚴重併發症或後遺症的可以性亦很高。醫生會在病人安全的大前提下,盡量切除可能移除的腫瘤部分以減低頭臚內的壓力,手術後再輔以放射或化學治療,加強療效。由於手術或療程存在一定風險,醫生和病人在決定治療方案前,應清楚了解疾病本身的特性、手術或治療的風險和復康的安排。

放射療法

放射治療(包括珈瑪射線、數碼導航刀 或 X-光刀)是利用高能量射線以摧毀癌細胞,使他們無法繁殖,同時盡量減少傷害腫瘤附近健康的細胞。對於成人來說,放射治療通常在手術後進行,以對抗惡性腫瘤。有時腦腫瘤也與化學治療同時使用。放射治療通常進行數週。放療的時間長短通常取決於腫瘤的類型和大小。

化學治療

化學療法利用抗癌藥物殺死癌細胞。化療的作用是擾亂癌細胞的生長和分裂。化學治療有時單獨使用或與放射治療一起使用。如果採用化學治療,醫生會決定治療的劑量和療程。每次的療程只有幾天,隨後有數星期的休息,讓身體從化療的副作用中逐漸恢復。至於需要多少次療程,需視癌症的種類,及對藥物的反應而定。化學藥物可用口服與靜脈注射兩種,或者兩種組合。 腦腫瘤的化療通常是在醫院的門診部進行。

標靶藥物治療

近年研究發現,針對屬於高度惡性的腦腫瘤-膠質母細胞瘤(簡稱GBM)可透過抗血管增生的標靶治療,截斷癌細胞的血管生長,令腦腫瘤縮小,改善部分患者大腦神經認知功能和減少使用類固醇的劑量。美國食物及藥物管理局於2009年核准標靶藥物「貝伐株單抗」應用在GBM復發患者身上。

類固醇治療

類固醇可以消除腦瘤附近部位的腫脹。這雖然不能治療腦瘤,但能夠紓緩症狀,使患者感到較為舒適。手術前後,放射治療前後,都可能會使用類固醇。

由於腦部是身體一個非常重要的器官,併發症和後遺症的發生會為病人帶來很嚴重或永久性的影響,嚴重的案例包括死亡、身體缺陷或昏迷不醒。

不少腦腫瘤患者考慮用輔助或另類療法。一些草藥、補充劑和維他命可能會影響正統療法的療效。如果選擇另類療法,請你必需要事前告訴醫生。